Wine is an alcoholic drink that is most often made from the juice of grapes.
Wine grapes are placed in large containers, then crushed or pressed to remove their juice. If white wine is being made, the grape skins are taken out of the juice. For red wine, the skins are left in. The juice is then fermented. Fermentation takes place when yeast turns the natural sugars found in grapes into alcohol. The skins of grapes have yeast on them, so yeast does not have to be added to make red wine but is added to make white wine. Fermentation takes from 10 to 30 days. After the grape juice has fermented, any material that has settled to the bottom of the container, including most of the yeast, is filtered out, or removed. Then the wine is put into large wooden containers and left to age. White wines do not need to be left very long, while red wines are usually left
for two to three years before they are bottled. Once they are bottled, some red wines are aged up to 20 years before they are drunk. Wild grapes were discovered about 6,000 years ago by people living in what is now Iran and Iraq. They picked these grapes and learned how to make them into wine. Their knowledge and the seeds of these wild grapes were passed down over the centuries, likely by traders, to other people, including the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. They grew these grapes where they lived and made wine from them. The climate and soil of different regions produces different kinds of wines. Wine grapes grow best in a temperate climate, which is found in regions where temperatures never get very hot or very cold. In 2002, the countries that produced the most wine were France, Italy, Spain, the United States, and Australia.
Crushed- to press or squeeze with a force that destroys or deforms. To squeeze or pound into small fragments or particles, as ore, stone, etc.
Discover- To see, get knowledge of, learn of, find, or find out; gain sight or knowledge of (something previously unseen or unknown).
Elisha Otis discovered first elevator.